Sunday, 2018-11-18
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This is a my first duty to protect my nation that's why I invented this CPP portal. I hope you will be liked this city protection plan - CPP Portal.

-HasanAli Nodoliya, President.

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Or Contact your nearest police station or civil hospital.
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The objective of the City Protection Plan Portal [ CPP Portal ] system is to develop a comprehensive database that will have a complete profile of each and every village, taluka and district within the state and serve the purpose of various govt. departments as an when required. This data will be processed and presented in different forms like Data Reports, visual interpretation like Maps, Graphs etc. The system will help in proper decision making, gap analysis and in general all the relevant information regarding a village, taluka and district in a state.  
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Go to on the internet. Log in to your own authorized account using username and password.  


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City Protection Plan Portal [CPP Portal] stores, processes and produces query able reports on;
Hazards faced,
Vulnerable elements at risk,
Disaster History,
Resources available and
Emergency contacts.

f)  VPP & CPP Plans
of these reports could be produced at village, taluka or district level.

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

Authorized users can access CPP Portal.



Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

This system is available on every www (world wide web) domains and networks.

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

An earthquake that follows a large magnitude earthquake called, "main shock" and originates in or around the rupture zone of the main shock. Generally, major earthquakes are followed by a number of aftershocks, which show a decreasing trend in magnitude and frequency with time.

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

The maximum height of a wave crest or depth of a trough on a seismogram, used to estimate the strength of the earthquake.

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Arrival is the appearance of a wave, representing seismic energy, on a seismic record. The time at which a particular wave / phase arrives at a station or detector is called arrival time.

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The innermost layer of the Earth below the mantle, with an approximate radius of 3500 km. Seismic wave studies led to a subdivision of the core into an "outer core”, which in relation to seismic waves acts as a fluid (no resistance to shear, i.e. no shear strength) and an "inner core” which acts as a solid. The radius of the Earth is about 6371 kilometers. The core-mantle boundary also represents a sharp thin discontinuity in physical properties such as a precipitous fall of the compressional wave velocity from 13.7 to 8.1 km/s and cessation of shear waves.

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

It is the rigid outermost layer of the Earth. Beneath the oceans, the crust varies in thickness, between 5-8 km.  Thickness of the crust beneath continents is much more variable but averages about 25-40 km; under large mountain ranges, such as the Alps or the Sierra Nevada, however, the base of the crust can be as deep as 60-70 km. Like the shell of an egg, the Earth's crust is brittle and can break.

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Grievous impact of a sudden (sometimes prolonged, as in the case of drought) adverse event leaving considerable damage and destruction in its wake as well as other debilitating consequences (epidemics, erosion of life support systems, etc.).

            Severity of a disaster, whilst subject to the magnitude (amount of energy unleashed) of the event, therefore largely depends on the resilience of the affected community (assimilated knowledge and understanding to anticipate future hazards and preparedness to cope with them).

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

It encompasses all acts necessary for eliminating, minimizing and reducing the possible adverse impacts of a potentially disastrous event which may be anticipated or impending or has already happened.

            It calls for a planned, sustained and orchestrated applications of knowledge, technology (including information and communication systems), community education and management principles, to reduce vulnerability by enhancing hazard consciousness and by progressive assimilation of hazard resistant land use plans, building and slope grading codes and advance warning systems in the life and works of communities exposed to natural hazards.

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

Earthquakes are the manifestations of sudden release of strain energy accumulated in the rocks over extensive periods of time in the upper part of the Earth. Earthquakes are classified as, Slight (M<5.0), Moderate (5.0<M<6.9) and Great (M>7.0) depending upon the magnitude on Richter‟s scale. An earthquake having a magnitude, M<2.0 is termed as microearthquake.

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It is the point on the surface of the Earth, vertically above the place of origin (Hypocenter or Focus) of an earthquake. This point is expressed by its geographical coordinates in terms of latitude and longitude.

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A subjective measure of the effects of an earthquake at a particular place on humans, structures and (or) the land itself. The intensity at a point depends not only upon the strength of the earthquake (magnitude) but also on the distance from the earthquake to the point and the local geology at that point. Intensity grades are commonly given in Roman numerals (in the case of the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale, from I for "not perceptible” to XII for "total destruction”).

Added by: HasanAli Nodoliya (HasanAli)

An abrupt movement of soil and / or rock masses downhill in response to gravity. Landslides may be triggered by an earthquake or other natural causes. Undersea landslides can also lead to tsunamis.

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Disaster is a sudden, event bringing great damage, loss, and destruction and devastation to life and property.

            The damage caused by disasters is immeasurable and varies with the geographical location, climate and the type of the earth surface/degree of vulnerability. This influences the mental, socio-economic, political and cultural state of the affected area.

Natural disasters:

            A natural disaster is the effect of a natural hazard that affects the environment, and leads to financial, environmental and/or human losses. The resulting loss depends on the capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster, and their resilience.


1.    Flood

2.    Cyclone

3.    Drought

4.    Earthquake

5.    Thunderstorms

6.    Heat waves

7.    Mud slides

Man-made disasters are events which, either intentionally or by accident cause severe threats to public health and well-being. Because their occurrence is unpredictable, man-made disasters pose an especially challenging threat that must be dealt with through vigilance, and proper preparedness and response.


1.    Setting of fires

2.    Epidemic

3.    Deforestation

4.    Pollution due to prawn cultivation

5.    Chemical pollution.

6.    Wars

7.    Road / train accidents, riots

8.    Food poisoning

9.    Industrial disaster/ crisis

Disaster recovery is the process, policies and procedures related to preparing for recovery or continuation of technology infrastructure critical to an organization after a natural or human-induced disaster.

            Disaster recovery planning is a subset of a larger process known as business continuity planning and should include planning for resumption of applications, data, hardware, communications (such as networking) and other IT infrastructure.

Management is of course a key part of the the disaster recovery planning process. To be successful it requires a firm understanding of the concepts, structures required, the cultural aspects, the different requisite activities,

            the different plans and elements within, the different phases and activities within the planning process, the critical success factors, and of course much more.





Traffic Police


Police (outside city limits)


Fire Control


Ambulance of Fire Services Dept.


Child Line


Women Help Line


Lions Blood Bank


    1.             Battery operated torch
    2.             Extra batteries
    3.             Battery operated radio
    4.             First aid kit and manual
    5.             Emergency food (dry items) and water (packed and sealed)
    6.             Candles and matches in a waterproof container
    7.             Knife
    8.             Chlorine tablets or powdered water purifiers
    9.             Can opener.
    10.             Essential medicines
    11.             Cash and credit cards
    12.             Thick ropes and cords
    13.             Sturdy shoes


A cyclone is a storm accompanied by high speed whistling and howling winds. It  brings torrential rains.

The word cyclone has been derived from Greek word ‘cyclos’ which means ‘coiling of a snake’. The word cyclone was coined by Heary Piddington who worked as a Rapporteur in Kolkata during British rule. The terms "hurricane" and "typhoon" are region specific names for a strong "tropical cyclone". Tropical cyclones are called "Hurricanes” over the Atlantic Ocean and "Typhoons” over the Pacific Ocean.

A cyclonic storm develops over tropical oceans like the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal   and the Arabian Sea. Its strong winds blow at great speed, which can be more than 118  kilometers per hour.

When a cyclonic storm approaches, the skies begin to darken accompanied by lightening  and thunder and a continuous downpour of rain.

The frequencies of cyclonic storms crossing different coastal states of India during 1891-2006 are shown in the figure below. The frequency of severe cyclonic storms is maximum for Andhra Pradesh while that of cyclone is maximum for Orissa. Considering west coast only, Gujarat is most vulnerable.

The death toll in the infamous Bangladesh Cyclone of 1970 has had several estimates, some wildly speculative, but it seems certain that at least 300,000 people died from the associated storm tide [surge] in the low-lying deltas.

The dangers associated with cyclonic storms are generally three fold.

  1. Very heavy rains causing floods.
  1. Strong wind.
  1. Storm surge.

The wind speed may be as high as 300 kmph.

Storm Surge is an abnormal rise of sea level as the cyclone crosses the coast. Sea water inundates the coastal strip causing loss of life, large scale destruction to property & crop. Increased salinity in the soil over affected area makes the land unfit for agricultural use for two or three seasons.


Storm surge depends on intensity of the cyclone (Maximum winds and lowest pressure associated with it and Coastal bathymetry (shallower coastline generates surges of greater heights).

The on shore wind gives rise to storm surge. Thus the forward right sector of a storm gives rise to storm surge.

The storm tide is the combination of storm surge and the astronomical tide.

Entire Indian coast can be categorized into 4 zones

  • Very high risk zones (Surge height > 5m)
  • High risk Zone (Surge height between 3-5m)
  • Moderate risk zone (Surge height between 1.5 to 3m)
  • Minimal risk zone ( Surge height < 1.5m)

When the speed of movement is 10-14 kmph, it is called as slow moving cyclone. It is called as moderately moving cyclone, if the speed of movement is 15-25 kmph. If the speed of movement is more than 25 kmph, is called as fast moving cyclone.

Warnings are issued for general public, fishermen, farmers and different categories of users such as central and state government officials responsible for disaster mitigation and relief, industrial and other establishments located in the coastal areas, ports, coastal shipping, railways, aviation, transport, communication and power authorities.

It is the point within the earth from where seismic waves orignate. Focal depth is the vertical distance between the hypocentre and epicentre.


            Vulnerability is the degree of damage caused by various levels of loading. The vulnerability may be calculated in a probabilistic or deterministic way for a single structure or groups  of structures.

The phenomenon Tsunami is a series of traveling ocean waves of extremely long length generated primarily by earthquakes occurring below or near the   ocean floor;

          A tsunami is a series of waves with a long wavelength and period (time between crests). Time between crests of the wave can vary from a few minutes to over an hour. 

          Tsunamis are often incorrectly called tidal waves; they have no relation to the daily ocean tides. 

          Tsunami (soo-NAH-mee) is a Japanese word meaning harbour wave.

          Tsunamis can occur at any time of day or night.

          Tsunamis are generated by any large, impulsive displacement of the sea    bed level.

          Earthquakes generate tsunamis by vertical movement of the sea floor. If the            sea floor movement is horizontal, a tsunami is not generated. Earthquakes of M > 6.5 are critical for tsunami generation.

          Tsunamis are also triggered by landslides into or under the water surface,   and can be generated by volcanic activity and meteorite impacts.

          On the average, there are two tsunamis per year in the Pacific Ocean           somewhere, which cause damage near the source.

          Approximately every 15 years a destructive tsunami occurs in Pacific.

          The destructive tsunami on Dec 26th, 2004 on the Indian Coast interms of its          impact seems to have occurred for the first time in the history.

          Tsunami velocity is dependent on the depth of water through which it travels          (Velocity equals the square root of water depth h times the gravitational             acceleration g, that is V =√g h).

          Tsunamis travel approximately at a velocity of 700 kmph in 4000 m depth of           sea water. In 10 m of water depth the velocity drops to about 36 kmph.

            For example, the tsunami from Sumatra coastal earthquake travelled to       Tamil Nadu coast in about two hours.

            Even on shore tsunamis speed is 35 – 40 km/h, hence much faster than a   person can run.

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